"Crowns in 1 Thessalonians, Philippians, and 1 Corinthians," 96 (2015): 67-84.

The image of the crown appears in 1 Thess 2,19, Phil 4,1, and 1 Cor 9,25. However, the crowns differ. While the community constitutes the apostle’s crown in 1 Thessalonians and Philippians, the crown in 1 Corinthians is one of communal contestation. In this paper, I compare the image of the crown in each of the letters. I argue that the crown in 1 Corinthians, available to all believers even at Paul’s expense, is the least hierarchical of the three crowns.


"Rahab, Esther, and Judith as Models for Church Leadership in 1 Clement,” 5.2 (2015): 94-110.

Clement does not forbid women from office in his discussion of the leadership structures of the Corinthian church.


"Gendered Activity and Jesus’s Saying Not to Worry,” 50.1 (2016): 35-52.

The flowers’ activity in the saying of Jesus about anxiety indicates an interest in cloth production across the socio-economic spectrum. I demonstrate that wool-working is a central feature of the multiform tradition of this saying and that spinning in particular was associated with women. I further note that the activity of gazing at flowers was an activity that was connected with the iconography of the goddess Spes, the Roman personification of Hope. These two cues render the entire saying an exhortation toward the feminine.

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© Janelle Peters